Neuromuscular

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VITAMIN, MINERAL & NUTRITION RELATED SYNDROMES

Minerals
  Copper deficiency
  Iron
  Selenium deficiency
Vitamins
  A: Retinoids
  B1: Thiamine
  B2: Riboflavin
  B12 deficiency
  Biotin
  D
  E
    Deficiency
    Intoxication
  Niacin
  Pyridoxine
    Deficiency
    Intoxication
MULTIFACTORIAL
Alcoholism
Celiac disease
Critical illness polyneuropathy
Cuban neuropathy
Postgastroplasty (Bariatric surgery)
Strachan's

Also see: GI disorders



Thiamine (B1) deficiency (beri-beri)
Thiamine


Riboflavin

Riboflavin (B2) related syndromes



Niacin (Nicotinic acid) deficiency


Pyridoxine intoxication
Pyridoxine


Pyridoxine deficiency


Vitamin B12 (Cobalamin) deficiency

Putnam
Causes
Clinical features
Testing

Vitamin B12


Vitamin E deficiency
Vitamin E (α-tocopherol)


Hypervitaminosis E

Vitamin D deficiency5
1,25-Dihydroxy Vitamin D3


Biotin deficiency
Biotin


Retinoid (Vitamin A derivatives) toxicity

Cuban epidemic neuropathy 1

Bariatric surgery (Postgastroplasty) syndromes: Polyneuropathy +

Selenium Deficiency 3, 4

Copper Deficiency & Disorders





MRI: Copper Deficiency
Posterior column T2 signal

Copper deficiency: Acquired
Copper smelting: Associated with Arsenic toxicity


Copper-associated disorders: Inherited
Copper: Animal disorders
Iron Disorders


Critical Illness Neuropathy
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1. Curr Opin Neurol 1998;11:539-544
2. Textbook of Clinical Neurology 1998 pp 798-809
3. JNNP 1999;67:829-830
4. Muscle Nerve 1998;21:637-639, 2003;Online January
5. Arch Int Med 2000;160:1199-1203, Can J Neurol Sci 2009;36:336-339
6. Immunology Today 2000;21:348-354
7. Neurology Today 2003;61:273-274, Arch Neurol 2003;60:1303-1306; Arch Neurol 2003;60:1782-1785
8. Ann Neurol 2004; Online March
9. Neurology 2004;63:1462–1470
10. Ann Neurol 2003;54:19-29
11. Muscle Nerve 2006;34:789-793
12. Neurobiol Dis 2006;23:725-730
13. NEJM 2013;368:149-160

Some illustrations from MW King

7/1/2014